An explanation of site hosting
As its name signifies, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting web content. There are various varieties and types of hosting, based on the goals and on the usage. Still, they all are associated with hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the World Wide Web. A host is in fact a web server that is linked to the Web and has its own IP address, which permits users to access it through the World Wide Web. The web server's architecture and its resources are dependent on the kind of web hosting service it's going to be utilized for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Depending on the application, the web hosting service may be:
File Web Hosting - this form of hosting enables the clients to save their files on a given hosting server. With the traditional file storage hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the individual that's using the service. This web hosting solution usually pertains to backups of personal computers , docs, personal files and even other web servers. This solution may also impose certain restrictions when it comes to the web storage and the root access. There may also be traffic restrictions, but that is dependent on the actual service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is resembling the previous hosting service form. Nonetheless, in contrast with the file storage hosting solution, the warez hosting solution is utilized for propagating copyrighted work without being given the go-ahead by the license bearer. To cut a long story short - it is related to the illicit transmission of files and materials. There are a lot of approaches for this to be attained, but the two principal methods are - via simple HTTP downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first one involves either some web portal, or, most often, simply a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thereby download patented content free of cost. The second way involves a P2P connection, availing of the so-called Torrent servers, via which people transmit files between each other. There are a few web site hosting companies that allow that form of web hosting on their servers, chiefly because of all the judicial problems that it involves. Usually such web sites are hosted on personal dedicated hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared site hosting and dedicated web servers, based on the user's wish. If you want to build your very own personal SMTP mail server, then you will require either a private virtual web hosting server or a dedicated web hosting server that offers the level of access required to carry out such a task. For normal electronic mail web hosting ends, though, you can set up a simple shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely famous, because the site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by 2 different web servers, usually belonging to different web hosting providers.
Web Site Hosting - the most famous and universally used hosting service as of now. It's utilized for hosting web site files, whose kind depends on the OS the hosting server is using - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files request concrete server Operating Systems, or else they won't be shown accurately on the World Wide Web. This type of web hosting may have server space and bandwidth restrictions, root access and CPU usage limitations.
Depending on the aims and on the functions, the user should select the sort of hosting server that he requires for his project, and, of course, the web site hosting provider that's going to furnish it. There are various kinds of web hosting servers, based on the configuration and the web hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared webspace hosting server offers a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and medium web sites, which do not demand enormous quantities of web storage and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they work on the same principle as the shared hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much fewer customers accommodated on the same hosting server. For that reason, each of them will get a bigger quota of the hosting server's resources like RAM, server space, traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting big websites that do not require full server root privileges.
VPS hosting - the VPS servers are perfect for medium size sites, which do require root-level access to the web server's config files. Normally, there are several virtual server web hosting accounts located on the same machine. Yet, each of them is autonomous from the other ones and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Hosting - a completely dedicated hosting server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a vast amount of system resources. It also offers full root access, which makes it the optimal platform for any type of web portal that needs a web site hosting service.
The sole question that's left is:
Which website hosting corporation should I settle on?
As mentioned above, there are very few web hosting providers offering warez hosting solutions due to legal problems. Such web hosting companies are being shut down practically every month. For that reason, if you wish to provide such a service, you should do it on your own PC. The shared web space hosting solution is the most popular type of hosting service. Hence, each web site hosting vendor offers it. Not all of them, however, offer services such as VPS web servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated servers. Most of the small scale website hosting corporations do not have the means required for maintaining those solutions. That's why it's always best to pick a larger host that can furnish its customers with all the solutions that they need. You can effortlessly ID such hosting companies by the kinds of services that they are providing and by the manner in which they introduce them to the customers. For example, certain hosting providers permit you to commence with a low-end site hosting account and then move to a more advanced one, if you find it compulsory to do so. This is very suitable, because you do not need to transmit websites between web servers and there is no chance of experiencing network outages due to all the complications that may appear. Hosting companies like Free Hostia offer all types of services and have the adequate hosting server resources and personnel to ensure that their customers will not come across any predicaments when swapping services, which is what a top hosting vendor is in fact all about.